Dead Raptor Near Imperial County Wind Project Raises New Concerns About Wildlife Impacts

Hawk, probably a red-tailed, flies near wind turbines at Ocotillo November 22 | Photo: Jim Pelley

The discovery last week of a dead hawk in the hills between the Ocotillo Express Wind Facility and the Sunrise Powerlink has residents of the nearby town of Ocotillo concerned about how their local raptors are faring with more than 100 new wind turbines in their town.

The dead bird, which ReWire's sources have preliminarily identified as a ferruginous hawk, was found by an Ocotillo resident over the weekend in a small wash off Shell Canyon Road north of the Imperial County hamlet, less than half a mile from the northern tier of the wind project's 440-foot turbines.

Though the photographs ReWire has obtained do not show conclusive photographic evidence of a cause of death. But finding an individual of North America's largest hawk species dead of unexplained causes more than a half mile from a wind turbine raises questions how wind energy facility operators monitor wildlife mortalities.

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According to Ocotillo resident Jim Pelley, an acquaintance discovered the bird and took Pelley to the site to document it. The two took photos and recorded GPS information, left the bird on site and alerted the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to their find.

ReWire obtained photos of the hawk from Pelley. Though the photo we've published below is not particularly gruesome, we've blurred it out for the sake of sensitive readers. (Those of you with an interest in forensics can click on the below photo to see the unblurred, larger version.)

Probable ferruginous hawk found dead near Ocotillo Express Wind. Click photo to see unblurred version. | Photo: Jim Pelley

The condition of the remains confounded ReWire's attempts at identification, so we shared the photo with Bay Area-based naturalists Ron Sullivan and Joe Eaton. They replied that they were fairly confident the body belonged to a ferruginous hawk, Buteo regalis, a very large hawk that primarily feeds on small mammals.

Though its numbers have been slowly increasing across most of California since a nadir in the 20th Century, the ferruginous hawk is still a California Species of Special Concern, and like many other birds is protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

The bird's carcass shows obvious signs that scavenging animals consumed part of it, perhaps carrying it to the location in which it was found. That location was well outside the usual distance from turbine pylons within which biologists in the employ of wind companies generally conduct surveys for injured or killed birds. Wind companies usually contend that birds injured by blade strike generally fall to the ground within an area not much farther from the pylons than the length of the turbines blades.

But assuming that this bird:


  1. was indeed a ferruginous hawk, whose adults weigh from two to four and a half pounds, and

  2. was indeed injured or killed by one of the project's blades,

... then the fact that it was found about half a mile from the nearest turbine would suggest that a typical mortality survey radius of 50 meters from the nearest turbine pole might be far too small.

That's true even if a coyote did pick this hawk up from underneath a turbine tower and carried it off for a leisurely snack.

About the Author

Chris Clarke is a natural history writer and environmental journalist currently at work on a book about the Joshua tree. He lives in Joshua Tree.
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