Imagine a new Joshua Tree National Park: operated by a Border Patrol that allows unregulated building of roads, ignores environmental standards and shuts down access in the name of national security.
This is just one of the many worst-case scenarios outlined by The Wilderness Society, a Washington-based Conservation Association, in response to policy threats floating in Congress right now.
Last week, the society held a teleconference in tandem with the release of their report Giving Away Our Great Outdoors: Wilderness Under Siege. According to it, the 112th Congress is seriously threatening many of the country's remaining wilderness areas.
There were a combination of panelists on the line, ranging from a policy expert to a professional photographer, all expressing the deepest concern of what would happen to the wild places in their states, should any of the legislation go through.
Dave Alberswerth, senior policy adviser at The Wilderness Society, explained that a few of the bills are marked up already and moving through Congress quickly. He was particularly concerned about the Border Patrol Bill, which is in the Homeland Security Committee, and H.R. 3407: Alaskan Energy for American Jobs Act--the bill on drilling in the Artic Wildlife refuge.
Sarah James, Chairperson, Gwichin Steering Committee, Elder and Board Member of the Neet'sai Gwich'in, Arctic Village explained, "This is a human rights issue. Our culture is thousands of years old. It is more important than gas prices."
California would face a number of threats, according to The Wilderness Society:
- H.R.1581 -- Wilderness and Roadless Area Release Act of 2011 would strip existing protections from 4 million acres of California forests and deserts.
- H.R.2834 -- Recreational Fishing and Hunting Heritage and Opportunities Act would expose over 15 million acres of California Wilderness Areas to off-road vehicles.
- Access to Joshua Tree National Park would be inhibited if H.R.1505 -- National Security and Federal Lands Protection Act were signed into law.
- The eight bills that challenge the 1906 Antiquities Act and would strip the President of his authority to designate national monuments in California. (For example, President Bill Clinton designated a portion of the Sequoia National Forest as Giant Sequoia National Monument in 2000)
- H.R.2852 -- Action Plan for Public Lands and Education Act of 2011 would sell over 2.2 million acres of California's forests and public lands to potential developers.
The representatives promoting the bills have a different take.
At a subcommittee hearing in 2011, Congressman Kevin McCarthy said the Wilderness and Roadless Area Release Act of 2011 would make cleaning brush easier, generate jobs for gateway communities, promote development, and create easier access to outdoor sports through the use of motorized vehicles. Plus, these areas didn't even make the "wilderness" cut.
"Where I represent"--California-- "there are 11 Wilderness Study Areas in which more than 18,000 acres have been deemed unsuitable for wilderness," he said. "There are seven roadless areas within the Sequoia National Forest around Lake Isabella, with over 200,000 acres that have been recommended not suitable for wilderness. Actively enjoying the land through recreational activities benefit our local communities across the West."
As far as the National Security and Federal Lands Protection Act, KCET has reported and commented on various marijuana cultivation sites on our public lands and the danger it poses to the environment and public safety.
Rob Bishop (R-UT) honed in on this issue when the bill was presented in 2010.
"What many fail to recognize is that allowing the USBP [United States Border Patrol] to apprehend and deter trains of criminal traffickers will not only remedy weaknesses in border security, but also improve the health and vitality of our protected federal lands, which have been severely damaged by years of abuse from drug and human traffickers. National Security and a healthy environment are not mutually exclusive, however with current DOI [Department of Interior] policies, neither is being accomplished," Bishop concluded.
Bishop is also in favor of dismantling the presidential power implemented in the Antiquities Act, calling executive overreach at the expense of the local community. The proposed bills would instate Congressional approval.
Denny Rehburg (R-MT) said it bluntly: "This is about standing against the insufferable arrogance of Washington, D.C. that assumes an unelected bureaucrat can make better decisions from behind a desk than the folks who live and work the land."