Art Lesson: Contrast. Contrast is an effect created by placing or arranging very different things, for example colors, shades, or textures, next to each other. The difference or the use of differences between the lightest and the darkest parts of something, for example, in this painting Wyland creates different colors and textures between the sky and water providing a special contrast. Wyland Tip: The price of clean water, clean skies, and a healthy natural world is constant vigilance. Understanding environmental issues, community outreach, and the courage to express your views can make a difference for generations to come.