Skateboarding is a transformational force, it takes the environment of everyday life for "foot-stompers", sidewalk, asphalt, curbs, ledges, handrails, loading docks, and fountains, and creates an entirely new perspective ripe with utility never dreamed of before stepping on the board. In the beginning the surfers that made their first push off of the pavement were stroking into an asphalt wave. The road for ordinary folk, became an endless wave complete with sections for sweeping carves, slashing cutbacks, and if it was particularly long and steep enough the same exhilarating rush, for the sidewalk surfer. The city or suburban landscape once a docile and uninspiring territory became a new frontier bursting with waves yet to be discovered, with hills yet to be ridden, with rides yet to be had. However, the ascent from the sea was not the final step in the evolution of the skateboarder, adaptations allowing greater speed and stability prepared this rare species for its journey to the sky. The roads and hills became the foundation of an evermore skate-able landscape as wheels became more durable, bearings more sophisticated, and the boards began to develop more defined noses and tails. A side walk surfer was soon able to ride down an asphalt wave and launch into the air floating for an eternity. The launch or "ollie" could then transform a ramp into a runway and a fire hydrant into an obstacle to be cleared during take off. Once flight was achieved and altitudes sufficient to clear obstacles were reached tricks could be performed over gaps, onto ledges, or over stairs. Innovations in tricks then led to grinds on rails, curbs and around fountains. The modern skateboarder looks at stairs leading up to their office building not as a road to perdition, but as a gap to be kickflipped at lunch. It is as though "foot-stompers" can only see visible light and skateboarders can see in ultraviolet, all of the subtleties of the landscape that escape a non-skateboarder are crystal clear to a skateboarder and the spectrum only continues to grow.