Member
Your donation supports our high-quality, inspiring and commercial-free programming.
Support Icon
Discover all the ways you can make a difference.
Support Icon
The Leadership, Advancement, Membership and Special Events teams are here to help.

Pacific Islands Facing COVID-19 Urged to Fight Climate Change and Inequality as they Reopen

Support Provided By


This story was originally published May 21, 2020 by the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Pacific islands that rely on tourism should reset their economies and invest in sustainable industries and migrant workers to better weather the impact of disease and disaster, according to a senior United Nations official.

Kanni Wignaraja, head of the U.N. Development Programme (UNDP) for Asia-Pacific, urged small Pacific economies that were so hit hard by global travel bans to do things differently when they reopen for business and as overseas labor ventures back.

"Use some of these returning migrant workers to actually set up new lines of business and small and medium scale enterprises," Wignaraja told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "Otherwise, instead of a wave of tourists coming, you're getting a wave of unemployed workers returning home."

22-cisk3 left"> 							<p>ARCHIVE PHOTO: Fijian family board their canoe as a sunset lights up the sky behind an island's mountain range in Suva May 1, 2004. | REUTERS/David Gray DG/CP<
ARCHIVE PHOTO: Fijian family board their canoe as a sunset lights up the sky behind an island's mountain range in Suva May 1, 2004. | REUTERS/David Gray DG/CP

The Pacific islands have had relatively few COVID-19 infections, but have suffered intense economic and social shocks as overseas businesses sent migrant workers home and tourists vanished, said Wignaraja by phone from New York.

She urged island authorities not to see returning migrants as a burden, but instead include them in public works programs and any stimulus spending.

Many migrant workers had already returned to the Pacific islands, where unemployment — particularly among women and young people — was high before the pandemic, according to the U.N.

The coronavirus has infected more than five million people globally and killed some 320,000, according to a Reuters tally.

Pacific islands such as Fiji, Tonga, Cook Islands and Samoa imposed strict lockdowns to combat the virus; they denied access to supply vessels and banned contact during aircraft refueling.

On top of vanishing tourist income came the devastation wreaked by Cyclone Harold — a Category 5 storm that hit the region last month, cutting power and destroying holiday resorts.

Wignaraja, who is from Sri Lanka and was appointed to her role in December, said Pacific island nations should look at ways to maintain social-distancing while evacuating people or establishing safe zones for people in a natural disaster.

"There is a triple helix, with COVID, natural disasters and high levels of inequality," Wignaraja said. "Tackling any one of these without looking at the three together, would be a real mistake."

As governments around the world unleash unprecedented support for economies floored by the pandemic, Wignaraja said the poorest people should not be forgotten.

In the Pacific, stimulus spending should look at boosting sustainable energy and fishing, and tackling plastic waste that ends up in oceans, she added.

Citing clear skies over many Asian cities during lockdowns — places notorious for air pollution — Wignaraja said fiscal packages must not flow into fossil fuels.

"If not doing it now, when are we going to do this — to switch out of fossil fuels?" she said.

Reporting by Michael Taylor @MickSTaylor; Editing by Lyndsay Griffiths.

Support Provided By
Read More
Farmworkers who harvest and pack bell peppers in the Coachella Valley listen to Montserrat Gomez explain the benefits of the covid vaccines.

Dispelling Vaccine Misinformation and Myths in California’s Breadbasket

Even though farmworkers are vulnerable the coronavirus, many hesitate to get the vaccine, worried the shot could have severe side effects or signal their whereabouts to immigration officials. Immigrant advocates in the Coachella Valley and other farming regions are visiting workers to try to allay their fears.
Trish Tanenbaum receives her first COVID-19 vaccination at Dodger Stadium on January 30, 2021.

Shortage to Close L.A. City Vaccine Super Sites

The mayor lamented the closure as an “enormous hurdle.” But vaccinations aren't completely stopping.
Faith leaders, activists and family members hold a public memorial in front of the Phillip Burton Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in San Francisco to honor 17 people who died of COVID-19 while in prison or ICE detention. | Justin Sullivan/Getty Image

Health Over Punishment: Organizing Efforts to Stop ICE Transfers in California and Beyond

Public health workers and grassroots organizers are intentionally building collective power across issues and communities for health equity.