In this lesson, students will work with a variety of primary and secondary sources to critically examine the ways in which different groups throughout history and in present-day remember Toypurina, a Tongva indigenous woman, and her involvement in the failed rebellion at the Mission San Gabriel. Students will explore the complex interactions between indigenous and Spanish peoples during Early California history and be challenged to consider how the legacy of this history is still present in our communities today.
Lesson: How and why is Toypurina remembered in different ways by different groups of people?
This lesson was created for Ethnic Studies and US History teachers. There are no content standards for 11th grade that address Toypurina and Spanish colonization of California.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.9: Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.7” Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in words) in order to address a question or solve a problem.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.11-12.1.A: Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences the claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11-12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.2: Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.