This recipe is courtesy of America's Test Kitchen from Cook's Illustrated.
Flat Hand-Pulled Noodles (Biang Biang Mian)
Bird chiles are dried red Thai chiles; if you're sensitive to spicy foods, use the low end of the range called for here. Black vinegar is a dark vinegar made from glutinous rice or sorghum. It can be found at Asian markets or online. To ensure your dough can be pulled into long, flat noodles, it is critical to rest the dough for at least 12 hours (and up to 48 hours). After 24 hours the surface of the dough may develop small black speckles. This oxidation has no impact on flavor or safety.
- 2⅓ cups (12¾ ounces) bread flour
- ¾ teaspoon salt
- 1 cup (8 ounces) water
- 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
- 10 to 20 bird chiles, ground fine
- ½ cup vegetable oil
- 2 garlic cloves, sliced thin
- 1 (1-inch) piece fresh ginger, peeled and sliced thin
- 1 tablespoon Sichuan peppercorns
- ½ cinnamon stick
- 1 star anise pod
- 2 tablespoons soy sauce
- 2 tablespoons black vinegar
- 1 tablespoon toasted sesame oil
- 1 teaspoon sugar
- 4 quarts water
- 1 tablespoon salt
- 12 fresh cilantro sprigs, trimmed and cut into 2-inch pieces
- 6 scallions, sliced thin on bias
1. For the Dough: Whisk flour and salt together in bowl of stand mixer. Add water and oil. Fit stand mixer with dough hook and mix on low speed until all flour is moistened, 1 to 2 minutes. Increase speed to medium and knead until dough is smooth and satiny, 10 to 12 minutes. (Alternatively, mix dough in food processor, following instructions above.) Transfer dough to counter, knead for 30 seconds, and shape into 9-inch log. Wrap log in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 12 hours or up to 48 hours.
2. For the Chili Vinaigrette: Place chiles in large heatproof bowl. Place fine-mesh strainer over bowl and set aside. Combine vegetable oil, garlic, ginger, peppercorns, cinnamon, and star anise pod in small saucepan and heat over medium-high heat until sizzling. Reduce heat to low and gently simmer until garlic and ginger are slightly browned, 10 to 12 minutes. Pour through strainer into bowl with chiles; discard solids in strainer. Stir chile oil to combine and let cool for 5 minutes. Stir in soy sauce, vinegar, sesame oil, and sugar until combined; set aside.
3. Unwrap dough, transfer to lightly oiled counter, and, using bench scraper or knife, divide into 6 equal pieces (each 1½ inches wide). Cover with plastic wrap and let rest for 5 minutes. Meanwhile, bring water and salt to boil in large pot; reduce heat to low and cover to keep hot. Working with 1 piece at a time, oil both sides of dough and flatten into 7 by 3-inch rectangle, with long side parallel to edge of counter. With both hands, gently grasp short ends of dough. Stretch dough and slap against counter until noodle is 32 to 36 inches long (noodle will be between 1/16 and 1/8-inch-thick). (If dough is hard to stretch to this length or is snapping back significantly, set aside on counter and let rest for 10 minutes. Meanwhile, continue stretching remaining portions of dough.) Place noodle on counter. Pinch center of noodle with forefingers and thumbs of both hands and pull apart with even pressure in both directions to rip seam in middle of noodle and create 1 continuous loop. Cut loop to create 2 equal-length noodles. Set noodles aside on lightly oiled counter (do not let noodles touch) and cover with plastic wrap. Repeat stretching and cutting with remaining pieces of dough.
4. Return water to boil over high heat. Add half of noodles to water and cook, stirring occasionally, until noodles float and turn chewy-tender, 45 to 60 seconds. Using wire skimmer, transfer noodles to bowl with chili vinaigrette; toss to combine. Return water to boil and repeat with remaining noodles. Divide noodles among individual bowls, top with cilantro and scallions, and serve.