Start watching

Tending Nature

Start watching
Southland Sessions

Southland Sessions

Start watching
Earth Focus

Earth Focus

Start watching

Reporter Roundup

Start watching
City Rising

City Rising

Start watching
Lost LA

Lost LA

Start watching
Your donation supports our high-quality, inspiring and commercial-free programming.
Support Icon
Learn about the many ways to support KCET.
Support Icon
Contact our Leadership, Advancement, Membership and Special Events teams.

Geography of Poverty: Matt Black Documents Downtrodden California

Support Provided By
Fence. Weedpatch, CA. 35°14'17"N 118°54'53"W #geographyofpoverty
Fence. Weedpatch, CA. 35°14'17" N 118°54'53" W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black.

When we say a certain percentage of Americans can't find a particular place on a map, we're not just complaining about their ignorance of geography. Knowing where something is, being able to point at it -- this is a primary way of understanding a locale, seeing it not as an abstraction, but as a real place with real people.

Rural photographer Matt Black knows this phenomenon well. His Geography of Poverty series presents starkly compelling black-and-white photos from California's Central Valley, including Kern County. The project lives on Instagram, where he geotags each photo's location and often includes demographic info to help bring the message home. His account has over 65K followers.

"In a lot of ways, it's a condensed version of what I've been trying to do with photography from the beginning, which is to shoot the Central Valley and put these communities literally on the map," he says. "It's a very simple thing to say, 'Look, this is where it is,' but I think it connects things in a way that sometimes photography can struggle with, because photography is all about abstracting things and condensing things and making a very distinct visual statement, but sometimes that gets de-connected from reality."

Storefront. Taft, CA. 35°8'31"N 119°27'21"W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black
Storefront. Taft, CA. 35°8'31"N 119°27'21"W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black.   

Being able to see something on a map is a metaphor, but it's also a real feeling. "By linking the photo in this very concrete way, you say, 'Boom, here it is,'" he says. "'This is where Taft is, this is where Weedpatch is.'"

Taft and Weedpatch are both in Kern County, where 22.9 percent of people live below the poverty line. Weedpatch's 2,658 residents have it particularly rough, with 46.8 percent below the line.

In 2013 the United States Census Bureau set the poverty level at $11,888 for an individual and $23,834 for a four-person household.

These low income levels extend across the Central Valley.

Front door. Taft, CA. 35°8'33"N 119°27'23"W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black
Front door. Taft, CA. 35°8'33"N 119°27'23"W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black.

"That's serious poverty with lifelong implications across the board," says Black. "And that's right here in California. Three hours away is Apple headquarters to the north. Three hours south is Los Angeles."

In Orange County, only 12.4 percent of people live below the poverty line, with the number creeping up to 17.8 percent in Los Angeles County. Santa Clara County, home to Apple headquarters, has 10.2 percent of residents below the line.

Black was born in the Central Valley, and he's seen the region's prospects dry up more and more in comparison to other places in California.

"The big, big, big change is water," he says, "and it's more than drought. It's been this steady, constant decline, how much water is available for agriculture... When I was a kid, there was just so much flood irrigating, literally just pouring water out on the ground, that you'd walk outside in the middle of summer, in July, and it'd be a hundred degrees outside, and it'd be humid from so much water evaporating. And that's gone."

Shopping cart. Bakersfield, CA. 35°22'23"N 119°1'6"W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black
Shopping cart. Bakersfield, CA. 35°22'23"N 119°1'6"W #geographyofpoverty | Photo: Matt Black.

Black has been documenting the region for 19 years, with photo essays appearing in The New Yorker, Mother Jones, and Vice, but his Instagram project might be bringing more attention to the issue than any traditional media outlet ever could.

The success broke through some of his initial skepticism with the medium: "When you think of Instagram, what you think of is food and puppies and kittens and whatever else. How are images of poverty going to be received on this?"

Judging from the interaction on his Instagram account and the attention the photos have received, the answer is definitely better than expected.

"It says something to me about humanity that people are willing to engage with this stuff in that way," he says. "Serious issues do have a future in this digital space we're creating."

The Los Angeles Center for Photography is hosting "An Evening With Matt Black" on February 26. You can follow his Geography of Poverty series on Instagram.

Protesters stopped by a security guard. Mendota, California. The Dispossession | Photo: Matt Black
Protesters stopped by a security guard. Mendota, California. The Dispossession | Photo: Matt Black.   
Jobless man shaves at his shantytown home. Fresno, California. The Dispossession | Photo: Matt Black
Jobless man shaves at his shantytown home. Fresno, California. The Dispossession | Photo: Matt Black.

Dig this story? Sign up for our newsletter to get unique arts & culture stories and videos from across Southern California in your inbox. Also, follow Artbound on Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube.

Support Provided By
Read More
Kid Congo Powers in the desert

Gente from La Puente: Underground Punk Icon Kid Congo Powers Still Rocks

Kid Congo Powers is a Brown, queer, underground punk glam rock guitar legend who grew up in the East L.A. suburb of La Puente, California. His work over decades with worldwide bands places him firmly in the L.A. and international punk music scene. He returns to the spotlight with a new album, video and even a line of eyewear.
Pacific Division Officer Hoskins tries to pry open the door of a truck involved in a accident that left the driver and passenger locked in the overturned vehicle. | Joseph Rodriguez

'90s Photos of LAPD Reveal a City in Pain

Joseph Rodriguez’s photographs of the LAPD in 1994 is a deeply personal, political act that still resonates in today’s political climate.
Carla Jay Harris "Sphinx," 2019. Archival pigment print. Two panels, 40 x 30 in. each. The work features a beautiful Black woman wearing a dark blue dress kneeling down in a golden meadow under a starry sky and bright orange sun. | Courtesy the artist

Now More Than Ever: The Need for Alternative Cultural Spaces

Learn more about the spaces filling the holes left behind by the historically white-centric L.A. art world.